Melanoma is the least common but most dangerous form of skin cancer. Melanoma can spread to other parts of the body (such as the liver) and can be fatal if not caught and treated early. The first sign of melanoma is usually a new spot or an existing spot freckle or mole that has changed in size, shape or colour. Melanoma most commonly develops on parts of the body that have exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation such as the head and neck. Melanoma is also commonly found on the back in men and the lower legs in women. However melanoma can develop on any part of the body – including skin that is not exposed to sun light. Diagnosed and treated early, melanoma has a high cure rate. Nodular melanoma appears as a new form of melanoma.
SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA (SCC)
SCC is not as dangerous as melanoma but can spread to other parts of the body if not treated. Spots on the ears and lips have the highest risk of spreading and should be seen by a doctor immediately. SCCS usually develop on parts of the body that are often exposed to the sun, such as the head, neck and face, hands and arms. SCCs usually appear as a thickened, red and scaly spot that won’t heal.
BASAL CELL CARCINOMA (BCC)
BCC is the most common and least dangerous type of skin cancer. BCC often appears as a lump or scaly area that is red, pale or pearly in colour. BCCs grow slowly and are most commonly found on the ears, nose, face and neck.