Diabetes can increase the risk of developing problems with your feet. You can reduce this risk by having regular foot checks with a health professional and taking good care of your feet.
What does a foot check involve?
A foot check is done by a health professional; usually a doctor, nurse, podiatrist or diabetes educator. The health professional will examine your feet for any current problems and decide how likely you are to develop a foot problem in the future. To do this, they will:
- look at the condition of your toe nails, the skin on your feet and the shape
- feel the pulses in your feet to check the blood flow circulation
- check the nerves in your feet, usually by touching the soles of your feet with a thread of nylon (monofilament), and
- check your shoes to ensure they are the best fit for your feet.
What is your risk of developing a foot problem?
You have LOW risk feet if you:
- have pulses in your feet
- do not have any nerve damage
- do not have any changes in the shape of your feet.
You have HIGH risk feet if you have any of the following:
- no pulses in your feet
- nerve damage
- changes in the shape of your feet
- a foot ulcer or amputation.
When do you need to seek help urgently.
See a health professional URGENTLY if there is:
- any sign of infection
- skin breakdown, such as an ulcer or a crack
- new pain, swelling or redness (especially if you have nerve damage).